Spirituality is man’s relationship with God. It is not religion. It is different from it. But it is part of it. Religion is the expansion of spirituality through the provision of add-ons. Religion does not just observe man’s relationship with God. It provides, in addition to prayers, several other means of communicating with God. Such means include time and space observances. In this respect, religion specifies a location for prayers and worship. It also specifies moments on the calendar for spiritual revival. Every religion is characterised by its organised activities. Religion does not therefore just provide add-ons to spirituality but more especially organises these add-ons in solemn ceremonies within locations in either humble structures or magnificent and elaborate edifices reaching out to the heavens.
The biblical verses tell us at Matthew 21:21-22 that “Jesus replied, ‘I tell you the truth, if you have faith and do not doubt, not only can you do what was done to the fig tree, but also you can say to this mountain, “Go, throw yourself into the sea.” and it will be done. If you believe, you will receive whatever you ask for in prayer.’” This expression is the essence of spirituality. It involves no organised forms of time and location for its practice. A momentary retreat to quiet locations at quiet times, that is, at any place and at any time, might be found useful to enhance focus or concentration but not necessarily required as prayers are possible wheresoever and whenever that concentration can be achieved. The organised acts of add-ons only mystify spirituality for exploitative purposes.
Not only does Dr. Kwame Nkrumah trace the historical process of demystification of religion in the first chapter of Consciencism: Philosophy and Ideology for De-colonisation but also asserts in the Axioms that “Women, money, organised and obligatory religion – all three of them represent to my mind something that should play a minor role in a man’s life. For, once one of them gets the upper hand man becomes a slave and his personality is crushed.” Back to the pages of Consciencism, he urges not war on religion but that as a social fact it must be studied and dealt with. He observes not only the historical acts of exploitation that the clergy, either on their own or in collaboration with the oligarchy, inflicted on society at large but also the relation of religion with the continued poverty of the people.
It is significant to note that in Consciencism we find not just a materialist critique of religion but also the only philosophical materialist acknowledgement, in history, of the existence of God with its assertion that even though Consciencism is deeply rooted in philosophical materialism it is not atheistic. The life of the author of Consciencism, as his close associates attest to, has been one of spirituality based on faith in God. Dr. Kwame Nkrumah’s assertion of being a non-denominational Christian is an assertion of his commitment to Christian spirituality and objection to Christian religiosity. This spirituality of the founder of the Ghanaian nation-state is an area of his life that not many have yet appreciated. But research into this area shows not just his critique of religion but his particular abhorrence of animism.
This raises the issue of what use Consciencism’s advocacy of the programmatic fusion of the three strands of African society, that is, the Euro-Christian, the Islamic and the African Tradition has been put to in justification of certain unacceptable add-ons of African Traditional Religion. When some activists endorse, per this programme, those unacceptable add-ons in Traditional African Religion they are quite unaware that the fusion, through the process of categorial conversion, releases those unacceptable add-ons as heat but not retain them. The activists of the All-African People’s Revolutionary Party, in this respect, require taking another good look at that aspect of their ideological statement dealing with religion as what they say there has nothing to do with Nkrumaism. (See: Overview of Essential Aspects of Nkrumahism-Toureism: Ideology of the AAPRP). So should all Nkrumaists on the continent and in the Diaspora properly address themselves to the issue.
The articles here raise issues in Christian Spirituality as would hopefully arouse curiosity on some of the received interpretations on vital conceptions in Christian spiritual lexicon such as: The Kingdom of God, Faith and Justification or Righteousness. The revolutionary content in Jesus Christ’s ministry has for far too long been obscured by the misinterpretations and add-ons of the conservative oligarch-clergy diarchy. Combat Christian religious revisionism in defence of Christian spirituality as part of the revolutionary struggle to free the world of neo-colonialism and imperialism for a Pan-African nation built on the principles of Marxism-Nkrumaism as espoused in Consciencism and other books and writings by Dr. Kwame Nkrumah. That amounts to the adoption and intellectual development of Marxism with a Consciencist Orientation to guide the prosecution of the African Revolution.
In this endeavour, practitioners of Islamic spirituality and Traditional African spirituality are welcome on these pages for the demystification of all religions.
This page has the following sub pages.